George Countess

Le rear admiral George Countess (mort en 1811) était un officier de la Royal Navy qui prit part aux guerres de la Révolution française et napoléoniennes. Nommé captain en 1790, il était aux commandes du HMS Charon en 1794 et assista à la bataille du 13 prairial an II à son bord, mais il n’y participa pas car c’était un navire-hôpital. En 1798, Countess contribua à la traque de l’escadre française de Jean-Baptiste Bompard. Cette escadre avait l’intention d’envahir l’Irlande, et ce n’est que la persévérance de Countess à bord du HMS Ethalion qu’il put conduire l’escadre commandée par Sir John Borlase Warren droit sur les Français. Countess s’engagea fortement dans la bataille de l’île de Toraigh qui s’ensuivit et reçut de grandes récompenses financières pour ce service après la victoire britannique. En 1799, il captura deux navires-corsaires français de 18 canons croisant au large de l’Irlande.

Countess fut promu Rear admiral en 1809 et mourut en 1811. Point Countess, en Alaska, a été nommé en son honneur.

Eliphalet Wickes Blatchford

Eliphalet Wickes Blatchford (May 31, 1826 – 1915) was an American manufacturer. In 1837, the Blatchfords moved from Stillwater, New York to Chicago, Illinois, where Eliphalet’s father, Rev. John Blatchford, became pastor of the First Presbyterian Church.

The family eventually settled in Marion City, Missouri, where John Blatchford became president of Marion College. E.W. attended Illinois College and became a lead manufacturer in St. Louis. His success in this industry allowed him to relocate to Chicago, where his company became E.W. Blatchford and Co. which specialized in lead plumbing, animal feed, and wire for munitions.

In addition to being a successful manufacturer, Blatchford was well known for his religious activities. He served for forty years as the president of the Chicago Theological Seminary, and also contributed his time and money to several mission organizations such as American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions and the Chicago Missionary Society.

As longtime chairman of the Newberry Library’s board of trustees, Blatchford oversaw the hiring of the Newberry’s first librarians and did much to shape the institution, including developing its commitment to genealogy. The Newberry Library originated as half of the $4 million estate of the railroad and real-estate magnate Walter Loomis Newberry (1804-1868). His nephew Walter C. Newberry (himself a library trustee) and other surviving relatives showed keen interest in colonial New England and English lineage.

Blatchford’s contributions continue to be present across the state of Illinois through his extensive work as a trustee of Illinois College, Rockford Seminary, and the Art Institute of Chicago. As the executor of Walter Newberry’s estate, Blatchford also established the Newberry and was instrumental in early construction and staff decisions . Blatchford married Mary Emily Williams in 1858 and they built and settled in the first of two houses named Ulmenheim, which roughly translates to “elm home” in German. This house was destroyed in the Chicago fire, but was later rebuilt. The Blatchford’s remained an active couple in Chicago, devoting their time to social and philanthropic activities until E.W.’s death. Following her husband’s death, Mary moved to Upper Montclair, New Jersey with her daughter, Fanny Blatchford. The Blatchfords had seven children, Paul (1859-1925), Amy (1862-1941), Frances May (Fanny) (1865-1919), Edward Williams (Ned) (1868-1956), Florence (1872-1874), Charles Hammond (1874-1953), and E. Huntington (1876-1905).

Tribuna of the Uffizi (painting)

The Tribuna of the Uffizi (1772–1778) by Johann Zoffany is a painting of the north-east section of the Tribuna room in the Uffizi in Florence, Italy. The painting is part of the United Kingdom’s Royal Collection.

In the summer of 1772 Zoffany left London for Florence with a commission from Queen Charlotte to paint ‚the Florence Gallery‘. (Neither she nor her husband George III ever visited Italy in person.) Felton Hervey who had a large art collection and who knew the Royal family met Zoffany in Florence. He was included in a prominent position in the painting by December 1772. Zoffany was still working on the painting late in 1777, he only finally returned to England in 1779. By this time Hervey had died.

Johann Zoffany was a German born painter who had become successful in London. One of his principal patrons was the Royal family. Queen Charlotte had sent Zoffany to Florence where he had agreed to paint the Tribuna of the Uffizi. The agreed price was high and he was paid £300.

Zoffany has varied the arrangement of the artworks and introduced others from elsewhere in the Medici collection. He gained special privileges, with the help of George, 3rd Earl Cowper (1738–80), and Sir Horace Mann, 1st Baronet (1706–86), such as having seven paintings, including Raphael’s Madonna della Sedia, temporarily brought in from the Pitti Palace so that he could paint them in situ in the Tribuna. In thanks Zoffany included a portrait of Cowper looking at his recent acquisition, Raphael’s Niccolini-Cowper Madonna (Cowper hoped to sell it on to George III – it is now in the Washington National Gallery of Art), with Zoffany holding it (to the left of the Dancing Faun).

The unframed Samian Sibyl on the floor was acquired for the Medici collection in 1777 – it was a workshop copy of the pendant to Guercino’s Libyan Sibyl, recently bought by George III, and may be intended as a compliment to him.

List of the paintings by wall, from top row, left to right

Today Medici’s Ancient Roman statues are mostly in the main corridors of the Uffizi Gallery, except those which are still in the Tribuna, and except the smaller busts and statuettes (some antique, some pseudo-antique), owned by the National Archaeological Museum and permanently displayed at Villa Corsini a Castello, near Florence. Many of those painted by Zoffany are still to be identified, thou. Other antiquities (Etruscan, Egyptian, Greek) are mostly in the National Archaeological Museum. Some very few Renaissance pieces from the Tribuna are now in the Bargello Museum.

From left:

All the connoisseurs, diplomats and visitors to Florence portrayed are identifiable, making the painting a combination of the British 18th-century conversation piece or informal group portrait genre, with that of the predominantly Flemish 17th-century tradition of gallery views and wunderkammers. However, this inclusion of so many recognisable portraits led to criticism at the time by Zoffany’s royal patrons, and by Horace Walpole, who called it „a flock of travelling boys, and one does not know nor care whom.“

The man touching the Venus is probably the painter Thomas Patch.


Лайково-Попово — небольшая деревня в Удомельском районе Тверской области.

Деревня находится недалеко от города Удомля.

Раньше эта деревня называлась — Лайково.

В этой деревне располагалось имение изобретателя радио — физика А. С. Попова приобретённое им на часть вознаграждения за достижения в научно-технической деятельности. Семья А. С. Попова на протяжении ряда лет постоянно проживала в этом имении, супруга А. С. Попова была основателем районной больницы, дети впоследствии преподавали в местной школе, а сам учёный приезжал в имение для работы и отдыха в летние периоды времени.

Рядом с деревней находится сосновый Лайковский бор «Лайково-Попово» Удомельского лесхоза — место отдыха горожан из города Удомля. Площадь бора — 15 га.

Административный центр: Удомля
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Piet van Breemen

Piet van Breemen SJ (* 23. Juni 1927 in Bussum in Nordholland) ist ein niederländischer Jesuitenpater, Gymnasiallehrer, Novizenmeister, Tertiatslehrer, Exerzitienleiter, Referent und Autor mehrerer Bücher über biblische Themen und christliche Spiritualität.

Van Breemen trat bereits 1945 mit 18 Jahren in die Gesellschaft Jesu ein. Er studierte danach Philosophie in Nijmegen, Theologie in Maastricht und Physik in Amsterdam und Rochester (New York) in New York. 1956 wurde er zum römisch-katholischen Priester geweiht. 1961 promovierte er in Physik in Amsterdam. Danach war er als Gymnasiallehrer und Referent für junge Erwachsene in den Niederlanden, in Belgien und in weiteren Ländern tätig. 1974 bis 1985 war er Novizenmeister in Auderghem bei Brüssel und in Nijmegen. 1985 bis 1993 war er in Berlin zuständig für die letzte Phase der Jesuitenausbildung, das sogenannte Tertiat. Seither lebt van Breemen wieder in Nijmegen.

Theologie hat van Breemen stets von seiner persönlichen Berufung, seiner gelebten Spiritualität und vom Gebet her verstanden. Er hat Augustinus und viele weitere Predigten der Kirchenväter publik gemacht über die katholische Welt hinaus bis in evangelische Kreise hinein. Er hat gut verständliche Beiträge zur Psychologie, Religionssoziologie und Sprachwissenschaft geleistet. Er leitete an zu ignatianischen Exerzitien, den geistlichen Übungen, die nach dem Ordensgründer der Jesuiten, Ignatius von Loyola benannt sind. Ziel dieser Übungen ist es, Gott in Jesus Christus zu finden und sich selbst in neuer Wahrhaftigkeit. Diese Begegnung verwandle den Menschen, was durch den Heiligen Geist geschehe. Das Ziel des Lebens sieht er in der Liebe Gottes, deshalb sieht er den Tod nur als Übergang vom Schatten ins Licht an, weil dann der Mensch die Liebe Gottes unverhüllt erfahren könne.

Van Breemens Werke wurden in zwanzig Sprachen übersetzt, in deutscher Sprache sind bisher erschienen:

Erdinç Saçan

Erdinç Saçan (born 12 May 1979) is a Dutch internet entrepreneur, website administrator, columnist and politician for the PvdA.

Saçan was born in ’s-Hertogenbosch. After studying management and data processing at the Fontys college, he established his eponymous company Saçan Consultancy. At the same time, he founded several websites dealing with politics and the position of Turks in the Netherlands. He was elected member of the States-Provincial of North Brabant. In 2006, he was nominated as a candidate for the Dutch House of Representatives but withdrew as a result of the „Armenian genocide controversy“.

According to the newspaper Trouw, Saçan clearly stated in a chat box of one of his websites that he was a denier of the Armenian Genocide of 1915. PvdA-management asked him to explain this when his comments became public following similar controversial statements of CDA. His first stance was to follow the PvdA-position (that the event was a genocide). Two days later however, on 26 September 2006, Saçan declared he still denied the genocide and withdrew his candidacy of the PvdA. Nebahat Albayrak, number 2 on the PvdA-election list, indicated on behalf of the PvdA that the party should no longer „turn around“ the actions surrounding the event and called for a reevaluation of the facts (jointly by Armenia and Turkey) because „all sources had become unclear“. Saçan’s seat at the States-Provincial was not under discussion; and he declared to be against any form of violence (also genocide).

Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin

Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin KG PC (15 June 1645 – 15 September 1712) was a leading British politician of the late 17th and early 18th centuries. He was a Privy Councillor and Secretary of State for the Northern Department before attaining real power as First Lord of the Treasury. He was instrumental in negotiating and passing the Acts of Union 1707 with Scotland, which created the Kingdom of Great Britain.

He had many other roles, including that of Governor of Scilly.

He came from an ancient Cornish family, being the son of Francis Godolphin (1605–1667) and nephew of the poet Sidney Godolphin. At the Restoration he was introduced into the royal household by King Charles II of England, whose favourite he had become, and he also entered the House of Commons as member for Helston, in Cornwall. Although he very seldom addressed the House, and, when he did so, only in the briefest manner, he „gradually acquired a reputation as its chief if not its only financial authority“. In 1668 he was a successful intermediary between the King and his sister Henrietta Anne (wife of the Duke of Orléans), in order to secure an agreement with King Louis XIV of France, where Charles would reject his Dutch allies in return for French money. In 1669 he was awarded a 31-year lease on all tin mines in Rialton and Retraigh in Cornwall.In 1670 Godolphin was appointed Groom of the Bedchamber along with a pension of £500 per annum, holding the post until 1678.

Charles appointed Godolphin envoy-extraordinary to Louis XIV in 1672 in order to reassure the French King of Charles’s allegiance before Louis attacked the Dutch. Godolphin was with Louis in the field during the Franco-Dutch War but was unimpressed with Louis’s capabilities as a military commander.

In March 1679 he was appointed a member of the Privy Council, and in the September following he was promoted, along with Viscount Hyde (afterwards Earl of Rochester) and the Earl of Sunderland, to the chief management of affairs.

Although he voted for the Exclusion Bill in 1680, he was continued in office after the dismissal of Sunderland, and in September 1684 he was created Baron Godolphin of Rialton,. and succeeded Rochester as First Lord of the Treasury. After the accession of James II he was made chamberlain to the queen, Mary of Modena, and, along with Rochester and Sunderland, enjoyed the king’s special confidence. In 1687 he was named commissioner of the treasury. Godolphin was involved in the payment of approximately £125,000 by Louis XIV to James II of money in return for James’s support for Louis, despite Parliament voting James £6,000,000. The historian David Ogg has written that „James and his two ministers, Rochester and Godolphin, were prepared to barter the independence of England for a sum little more than a sixtieth part of that granted by the national legislature“.

He was one of the council of five appointed by King James to represent him in London, when he went to join the army after the landing of William of Orange, in England, and, along with Lord Halifax and Lord Nottingham, he was afterwards appointed a commissioner to negotiate with the prince. On the accession of William, though he only obtained the third seat at the treasury board, he was in control of affairs. He retired in March 1690, but, was recalled in the following November and appointed first lord.

While holding this office he for several years continued, in conjunction with John Churchill (the future Duke of Marlborough), a secret correspondence with James II, and is said to have disclosed to James intelligence regarding the intended expedition against Brest. Godolphin was not only a Tory by inheritance, but was thought to have a romantic admiration for the wife of James II. After Fenwick’s confession in 1696 regarding the attempted assassination of William III, Godolphin, who was compromised, tendered his resignation; but when the Tories came into power in 1700, he was again appointed Lord Treasurer in May 1703 and retained office for eight years. Though not technically a favourite with Queen Anne, he was, after her accession, appointed to his old office, on the strong recommendation of Marlborough. In 1704 he was also made a Knight of the Garter, and in December 1706 he was created Viscount Rialton and Earl of Godolphin.

Though a Tory, he had an active share in the intrigues which gradually led to the predominance of the Whigs in alliance with Marlborough. The influence of the Marlboroughs with the queen was, however, gradually supplanted by that of Abigail Masham and Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford, and with the fortunes of the Marlboroughs those of Godolphin were indissolubly united. The services of both were so appreciated by the nation that they were able for a time to regard the loss of the queen’s favour with indifference, and even in 1708 to procure the expulsion of Harley from office; but after the High Tory reaction which followed the impeachment of Henry Sacheverell, who abused Godolphin under the name of Volpone, the queen made use of the opportunity to get rid of Marlborough by abruptly dismissing Godolphin from office on 7 August 1710. He died two years later and his estate was worth more than £12,000.

On 16 May 1675 Godolphin married Margaret Blagge, daughter of Thomas Blagge, the pious lady whose life was written by John Evelyn in his book The Life of Mrs Godolphin. She died in childbirth in 1678 bearing his only son, and Godolphin never remarried. Margaret is buried at Breage, Cornwall, the spot marked by a small brass floor plaque erected by the Duke of Leeds. Progeny:

Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin by Godfrey Kneller

Margaret Blagge, wife of Sidney Godolphin, portrait by Matthew Dixon

Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin by Jean-Baptiste van Loo

The Whig historian Lord Macaulay said of Godolphin in 1848:

He was laborious, clear-headed, and profoundly versed in the details of finance. Every government, therefore, found him an useful servant; and there was nothing in his opinions or in his character which could prevent him from serving any government. “Sidney Godolphin,” said Charles, “is never in the way, and never out of the way.” This pointed remark goes far to explain Godolphin’s extraordinary success in life. He acted at different times with both the great political parties; but he never shared in the passions of either. Like most men of cautious tempers and prosperous fortunes, he had a strong disposition to support whatever existed. He disliked revolutions, and, for the same reason for which he disliked revolutions, he disliked counter-revolutions. His deportment was remarkably grave and reserved, but his personal tastes were low and frivolous; and most of the time which he could save from public business was spent in racing, cardplaying, and cockfighting.

In the opinion of Julian Hoppitt, Godolphin „tirelessly oversaw the dramatic expansion of key areas of the State, providing an element of integrity, continuity, and predictability in a very uncertain environment. He was in a very real sense Marlborough’s partner and together the duumvirs oversaw the glory days of the War of the Spanish Succession. In a very real sense Marlborough’s dismissal and Godolphin’s death the following year marked the end of an era“. Roy Sundstrom has asserted that Godolphin is an important figure in the history of England because:

…first he raised the money required to blunt French hegemony in Europe and thus preserved the British constitution and the protestant monarchy; second he was instrumental in planning the military and diplomatic strategy that ultimately defeated Louis XIV; third, as lord high treasurer, he worked to make the Treasury more efficient and attempted to weed out corruption—the Treasury as he left it served England well for the remainder of the eighteenth century; fourth he was instrumental in negotiating and passing the Act of Union with Scotland which created the united kingdom of Great Britain; and fifth he negotiated the creation of a unified East India Company, which would be instrumental in establishing British rule in India.

Alfred Hutchinson Cowles

Alfred Hutchinson Cowles (* 8. Dezember 1858 in Cleveland (Ohio); † 13. August 1929 in Sewaren) war ein US-amerikanischer Chemiker und Unternehmer.

Cowles war der Sohn des Verlegers Edwin Cowles Jr. (1825–1890, Verleger des Cleveland Leader) und Neffe der Chicago Tribune Alfred Cowles Sr. (1832–1888).

Cowles studierte ab 1875 am Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College (der späteren Ohio State University) und ab 1877 an der Cornell University Elektrotechnik und Chemieingenieurwesen.

1882 trat er in das Bergbauunternehmen seines Bruders in Santa Fe ein und entwickelte ein Aufbereitungsverfahren für schwer trennbare Erze in einem Elektroofen (die dortigen Erze enthielten Gold, Kupfer, Blei, Zink, Antimon). Er erhielt ein Patent auf das Verfahren und gründete 1884 in Cleveland eine eigene Firma (Electric Smelting and Aluminium Company), mit der er Aluminium herstellte. Als dies durch die Schmelzflusselektrolyse verdrängt wurde produzierte er Siliciumcarbid, Graphit, Phosphor und Calciumcarbid.

Zuletzt entdeckte er 1923 die Wirkung von Natriummetasilikat als Waschmittel und gründete die Cowles Detergent Company.

Camelot Theme Park

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Lancashire

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Angleterre

Camelot Theme Park était un parc à thème situé à Chorley, dans le Lancashire, en Angleterre. Il était basé sur la légende médiévale de Camelot

Le parc ouvert en 1983 est racheté trois ans plus tard par le Granada Group qui le dirige en même temps que deux autres parcs aujourd’hui fermés ; American Adventure et Granada Studios Tour. En juin 1998, le parc est vendu à Prime Resorts. À partir de cette période, le parc connait un déclin en termes de ses fréquentations. En février 2009, Prime Resorts annonce la mise sous séquestre du parc et sa fermeture.

L’hôtel du parc est racheté par Lavender Hotels en mars 2009, quant au parc il trouve lui aussi un repreneur (Groupe Story) qui lui permet de rouvrir à partir de juillet 2009. Malgré les efforts, la fréquentation reste insuffisante et contraint le parc a fermé définitivement ses portes le 2 novembre 2012.

Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :

La Axarquía

La Axarquía (leído „Ajarquía“, ver más adelante) es una región histórica de Andalucía enclavada en la provincia de Málaga. Desde el punto de vista geográfico, la comarca, también llamada Axarquía-Costa del Sol, se halla en la parte más oriental de la provincia de Málaga, Andalucía. La Axarquía se extiende por la costa y el interior. Sus municipios costeros conforman la Costa del Sol Oriental.

La capital histórica y la ciudad más importante es Vélez-Málaga. A los naturales de la comarca se les llama axárquicos.

Limita: al norte con la Comarca de Alhama, al este con la comarca de la Costa Granadina, ambas en la provincia de Granada; al sur con el mar Mediterráneo, al oeste con Málaga, y al noroeste con la comarcas Antequera y Nororma.

El Diccionario de la Real Academia Española define la voz „jarquía“ (xarquía en el castellano antiguo) como „distrito o territorio sito al este de una gran ciudad y dependiente de ella“, y dice que procede del árabe šarqíyya, que significa „parte oriental“ o „región oriental“. Coincide con la región de la Axarquía la cual se encuentra en la parte oriental de Málaga.

La Real Academia, en su Ortografía de la Lengua Española, edición de 1999, nos explica que en el castellano antiguo la consonante x representaba el fonema fricativo palatal sordo [ʃ] como en el sonido sh del inglés, en palabras como xarquía, dixo, Don Quixote, etc. Y fue a partir del siglo XVI que evolucionaría hacia el fonema fricativo velar sordo [x] y pasarían a escribirse como jarquía, dijo, Don Quijote. Algunos restos de esta grafía se encuentran en topónimos como México, Oaxaca, Texas y sus derivados (mexicano, oaxaqueño, texano…) y en algunos apellidos como Ximénez o Mexía. La pronunciación de esta x, en esas y otras palabras, es fricativa velar sorda [x], es decir, suena como j; constituye, por tanto, un error ortológico articularla tanto ks, gs o s.

La palabra Axarquía por lo tanto conserva su grafía antigua con la pronunciación contemporánea del sonido fricativo velar sordo [x]. Siendo también correcto, aunque de uso minoritario, con la grafía contemporánea, Ajarquía.

El pico La Maroma es el punto más alto de la comarca, la atraviesan los ríos Vélez, Torrox, Algarrobo, Iznate, Seco, Huit, Higuerón, Chillar, Almáchar, de la Cueva, Benamargosa, Sábar, Alcaucín, Bermuza, Rubite, Maro, todos son de la Cuenca Mediterránea andaluza, el abastecimiento de agua se realiza a través del embalse de Viñuela. El Parque Natural de las Sierras de Tejeda, Almijara y Alhama y el Paraje Natural de los Acantilados de Maro-Cerro Gordo están situados en esta comarca.

Tanto la Diputación de Málaga, que da a la comarca el nombre de „Axarquía-Costa del Sol“ como la Junta de Andalucía que simplemente da a la comarca el nombre de „La Axarquía“ engloban exactamente los mismos municipios dentro de la comarca. Muestra de la alta definición de la misma como tal, y de la cohesión entre sus pueblos, que desde hace muchísimo tiempo, han compartido cultura y costumbres.

La Axarquía se compone de 31 municipios:

La comarca fue conquistada a los musulmanes a raíz de las batallas de la Axarquía en 1487, cayendo así los castillos de Zalia (cerca de Zafarraya y Alcaucín, Bentomiz, en Arenas y La Fortaleza de Vélez).

El Axarco es una moneda que creó Antonio Gámez en 1988 con la intención de dar cohesión y unidad a la comarca y que se acepta en algunos de sus establecimientos, aunque ha caído en desuso. La mayoría de los ejemplares de monedas y billetes han caído en manos de coleccionistas, saliendo así de circulación.

El Ex-Teniente de Alcalde de Torre del Mar Manuel Rincón propuso en junio de 2007 la creación de un „Patronato del Axarco“ en el ayuntamiento de Vélez-Málaga, que se encargue de su reinserción con el fin de promocionar el turismo en la comarca.

Entre los platos de la cocina axárquica destacan el chivo, frito con especias, el potaje de hinojos, el enblanco, el ajoblanco o los garbanzos con callos.

Purificación Ruiz García. Archivera y documentalista. A la vocación libresca de esta veleña de Lagos le tocó en suerte la ciclópea tarea de „salvar del histórico naufragio en que se encontraba“ el Archivo Municipal veleño. En sus manos está el cuidado y custodia de la documentación veleña. Investigadora histórica por excedencia, Purificación es autora de El Marquesado de Beniel y el Mayorazgo de Vélez-Málaga (Premio de Investigación Histórica, 1994) y La Taha de Frigiliana. Sus artículos le han dado fama fuera de nuestras fronteras, especialmente „Arias de Enríquez: un personaje de Goya“, en el que aporta la fecha correcta del cuadro erróneamente datado. Posee además otras obras en colaboración, como „Historia de Algarrobo: antigua y medieval“. En su última publicación „La Axarquía, tierra de azúcar“ (Asukaria Mediterránea, 2000) nos da a conocer la importante tradición del cultivo de la caña de azúcar en la comarca, demostrando que la azucarera Nuestra Señora del Carmen fue la primera fábrica industrial de azúcar que se construyó en España. Es „Ajárquica de Honor“ (Riogordo 96).