Jesse Thorn

National Public Radio

Jesse Thorn (born April 24, 1981) is an American public radio show host/creator. He is the host and producer of the radio show and podcast Bullseye (formerly The Sound of Young America), which is distributed by National Public Radio to 25 public terrestrial radio stations in 13 states and is also broadcast weekly on XM Radio’s „XM Public Radio“ channel. He also hosts the podcasts Judge John Hodgman and Jordan, Jesse, Go!, as well as the television program The Grid, which formerly aired on IFC. Jesse Thorn also runs Put This On, a blog and web video series devoted to men’s fashion.

Thorn grew up in San Francisco, California, where he attended the Ruth Asawa San Francisco School of the Arts. He attended University of California, Santa Cruz, where he cofounded The Sound of Young America and worked for the campus radio station KZSC. The Sound of Young America began as a college radio variety show featuring Thorn and two other cohosts, Jordan Morris and Gene O’Neill.

Near the end of 2004 Thorn began to make the show available as a podcast. Thorn and the show were mentioned in The Wall Street Journal, Time Magazine and Salon.com, with Salon describing Thorn’s interviewing style as combining „the civility and preparedness of [Terry] Gross leavened with the good humor of [Conan] O’Brien.“ A few months later, Thorn received a call from the director of programming at PRI, who had heard one of the podcasts and expressed interest in distributing the show. In 2006 WNYC-FM, a public radio station in New York City, picked up the show, and PRI decided to distribute it. By September 2008 the show was carried on 18 public radio stations, in addition to the podcast.

Also, Thorn and Jordan Morris host another podcast, Jordan, Jesse, Go! Thorn has also produced several other podcasts for MaximumFun.org, including Coyle & Sharpe: The Imposters[citation needed] and The Kasper Hauser Podcast. He is also a part of sketch comedy group Prank the Dean, along with Morris, Lauren Pasternak and Jim Real.

Over time, The Sound of Young America became more focused on interviews. Thorn has interviewed many notable personalities on his show, such as Nick Hornby and Nellie McKay. Thorn also interviewed Stephen Colbert as a part of iTunes’s Meet the Author series. Thorn has become notably identified with a philosophy he calls „New Sincerity.“ A USA Weekend article cited the „New Sincerity“ segment of the show as a listeners‘ favorite, and quoted Thorn’s explanation of the concept as „a rejection of irony.“ Thorn has promoted New Sincerity on his program, in his blog and in interviews, and was named as a popularizer of New Sincerity in a scholarly work discussing the similar novaia iskrennost‘ concept in Russian post-Soviet aesthetic theory.

In 2009, Jesse helped comedian and podcaster Marc Maron to set up the microphones and software necessary to produce his WTF with Marc Maron podcast from his garage. Maron thanked Jesse again for this on the podcast’s 300th episode. Jesse is also the coproducer of the public radio broadcast version of Maron’s podcast.

In 2012, The Sound of Young America was renamed Bullseye while continuing to have much of the same format as before.

On August 9, 2008, Thorn married Theresa Hossfeld in San Francisco, California. In August 2011, Theresa gave birth to a baby boy they named Simon. In October 2013, Theresa gave birth to their second son, named Oscar. In September 2016, Theresa announced the couple were expecting their third child. In April 2013, Theresa Thorn became the co-host, along with Biz Ellis, of the Maximum Fun podcast „One Bad Mother.“

Zdeněk Matějček

Zdeněk Matějček (* 16. August 1922 in Chlumec nad Cidlinou; † 26. Oktober 2004 in Prag) war ein tschechischer Kinderpsychologe und Forscher. Er gilt als Begründer der Tschechischen Kinderpsychologischen Schule und hat in wichtigen Langzeitstudien die Entwicklungsbedingungen von Kindern und ihre Folgen in verschiedenen Settings bis weit ins Erwachsenenalter untersucht . Der Begriff psychische Deprivation wurde von ihm geprägt.

Matějček wuchs als Sohn des Direktors auf dem nationalen Gestüt in Kladruby nad Labem auf, wo er bis ins Erwachsenenalter mit seinen Eltern und seinem jüngeren Bruder lebte. Nach dem Abschluss der Hauptschule in Pardubice konnte er wegen des Zweiten Weltkrieges nicht studieren. Deshalb arbeitete er im väterlichen Gestüt als Landarbeiter und später bei Bata in Zlín

Nach dem Krieg studierte er von 1945 bis 1949 Philosophie (Psychologie war damals inbegriffen) und Literatur an der Philosophischen Fakultät der Karls Universität in Prag. Die Machtergreifung durch die kommunistische Partei (KSČ) von 1948 durchkreuzten seine ursprünglichen Pläne Lehrer zu werden und er wandte sich der Psychologie zu. Von 1950 bis 1951 machte er ein Psychologiepraktikum in der Bildungseinrichtung Good Shepherd. 1951 erhielt er den Doktortitel in Philosophie. Von 1951 bis 1969 arbeitete er am Prager Institut für Sozialpädagogik, das 1953 in Psychiatrische Kinderambulanz umbenannt wurde. Es befasste sich mit der Diagnose und Behandlung von Störungen und Entwicklungsmängel bei Kindern in Säuglings- und Waisenhäusern. Zusammen mit Joseph Langmeier erforschte er die psychischen Bedürfnisse von Kindern und ihren Problemen. Sie definierten ein neues psychologisches Konzept über psychische Entbehrung. Die Ergebnisse ihrer Studien wurden im Buch Emotionale Deprivation in der Kindheit veröffentlicht. Es wurde schnell im In- und Ausland bekannt, wo das Buch auf Englisch, Deutsch und Russisch übersetzt wurde.

In den Jahren 1969 bis 1990 (ab 1977 als Assistenzprofessor) lehrte er am Institut für Weiterbildung der Ärzte und Apotheker in der Pädiatrieabteilung des ILF. Hier traf er erneut auf Joseph Langmeier. Gemeinsam beschlossen sie die Prager Schule der Klinischen Psychologie zu gründen. Gleichzeitig lehrte Matějček von 1959 bis 1977 an der Fakultät für Psychologie der Karls-Universität in Prag klinische Psychologie und führte psychologische Beratungen durch. Der Professorentitel wurde ihm erst 1995 – nach der Wende – verliehen. Um die Bedeutung der Entwicklungspsychologie zu unterstreichen, gründete er in den 1990er Jahren die Stiftung Professor Matějček, die die besten Dissertationen auf dem Gebiet der Entwicklungspsychologie auszeichnete. Sein Ruf als psychologische Kapazität führte zu zahlreichen Publikationen und Vorträgen im In- und Ausland. Er war Mitbegründer der SOS-Kinderdörfer. 1990 und 1991 war er Präsident des Tschechoslowakischen Komitees des UNICEF.

Von 1991 bis zu seinem Tod arbeitete er als Forscher am Prager Zentrum für Psychiatrie und gleichzeitig seit 1994 am Zentrum für Kinder PAPRSEK in Prag. Darüber hinaus schuf er neue Diagnosetools und passte die Gessellovy- und andere Methoden für Kinder an. Er war Mitglied zahlreicher Berufsverbände in der Tschechischen Republik (Tschechische Medizinische Akademie, Tschechisch-Mährische Gesellschaft für Psychologie usw.) und im Ausland (Internationale Dyslexia Association, Internationale Studiengruppe für Kinder mit sonderpädagogischem Förderbedarf usw.). Matějček war regelmäßiger Gastreferent der jährlich von der Theodor Hellbrügge-Stiftung mitveranstalteten entwicklungspsychologischen Kongresse zu Fragen der Bedeutung von Beziehung und Bindung für die kindliche Entwicklung.

Bei seinen langfristigen Beobachtungen an Kindern befasste er sich mit der Frage nach den Grundbedingungen für ihre gesunde emotionale Entwicklung. Er untersuchte speziell Kinder, die – wie damals im Ostblock üblich – einen großen Teil des Tages in kollektiven Erziehungseinrichtungen verbrachten. Matějček stellte bei diesen Kindern teilweise schwerwiegende psychische Fehlentwicklungen fest, die er auf eine fehlende Bindung an eine konstante Bezugsperson und einen Mangel an gefühlsmäßiger Zuwendung zurückführte. Seine Forschungsergebnisse stießen unter den herrschenden politischen Verhältnissen bei den Behörden auf wenig positives Echo. Da seine Forschungsresultate jedoch in Fachkreisen Beachtung fanden, zogen sie trotzdem unmittelbare Verbesserungen in den Betreuungskonzepten dieser tschechischen Einrichtungen nach sich. Das Resultat dieser Forschungen publizierte er mit Josef Langmeier im Buch Psychische Deprivation im Kindesalter – Kinder ohne Liebe, das in verschiedene Sprachen übersetzt wurde und Eingang in die Fachwelt fand. Staatliche Stellen gaben Anfang der 60er Jahre einen Film in Auftrag, der mit wissenschaftlichem Anstrich die Vorteile von Kinderkrippen gegenüber der Familie betonen sollte. So entstand 1963 unter der Fachberatung der Psychologen Marie Damborska und Zdeněk Matějček der Film Kinder ohne Liebe. Er zeigte jedoch, anders als von den Auftraggebern erwartet, negative Folgen der kollektiven Betreuung in damaligen Kindergärten und Wochenkrippen auf. Die Schlussfolgerungen von Damborska und Matějček wurden schon aus dem ersten Satz des Films deutlich:

Was ein kleines Kind am Nötigsten braucht, ist die intensive und dauerhafte Gefühlsbindung zur Mutter. Wird dieser Kontakt unterbrochen und erhält das Kind keine Ersatzperson, zu der es ähnliche Beziehungen aufnehmen kann, so stellen sich seelische Schädigungen ein.

Die sozialistischen Auftraggeber waren empört und reagierten mit einer Rufmordkampagne gegen die Autoren. Der Film selbst wurde verboten, die Kopien unter Verschluss gestellt. Eine illegal hergestellte Kopie des Films konnte außer Landes gebracht werden und wurde auf dem Filmfestival von Venedig 1963 aufgeführt. Er erhielt drei Auszeichnungen und wurde auch im Westen und in der breiteren Öffentlichkeit bekannt. Die internationale Bekanntheit, die der Film auf dem Filmfestival erreichte, schützte Matejcek und seine Mitarbeiter vor der Verfolgung durch den kommunistischen Staat. Gemäß dem Psychologen Jaroslav Sturma war die positive Wirkung des Films so eindeutig, dass der tschechische Staat in den 60er Jahren seine Familienpolitik ändern musste und im neuen Familiengesetz die Familie wieder den ersten Platz in der Erziehung des Kindes bekam.

Es gibt vieles, was wir noch lernen sollten. Die kleinsten Kinder verstehen wir immer noch nicht so richtig, weil uns das Kind nichts mitteilen kann. Wir versuchen sein Verhalten nur zu entschlüsseln und vermuten oder schätzen ab, was das Kind in etwa erlebt. Wir können uns davon aber durch kein Experiment überzeugen.

Bisherige Preisträger:

Siavash Mobasheri

Siavash «Sam» Mobasheri (født 10. september 1990), er en norsk-iransk fotballspiller som spiller for KFUM Oslo. Han startet sin junior og seniorkarriere i Valdres FK, hvor han debuterte i 3. divisjon i 2007. Følgende sesong feiret Valdres FK sin opprykk til 2. divisjon. Mobasheri ble i 2008 beskrevet av Oppland Arbeiderblad som „kanskje klubbens største talent, Valdres FKs Doffen-kopi er fra Bagn…“ I den følgende sesongen fikk Mobasheri sin debut i 2 divisjon mot Strømsgodset 2. Han var i tillegg med og bidro til at Valdres FK junior kunne feire sin opprykk til interkrets i 2009.

Mobasheri signerte sin første kontrakt med Elverum Fotball i 2011. Han var fast inventar på laget som rykket opp fra 2. divisjon i 2012. Han fikk sin Adeccoliga debut fra start i første seriekamp borte mot Kristiansund, hvor kampen endte i 3-1 tap for Elverum Fotball. Men sesongen ble ikke som forventet for Mobasheri. Han ble holdt ute av spill resten av sesongen av en belastningskade i lysken. 16. desember 2013 fornyet Mobasheri kontrakten med Elverum Fotball .

Mobasheri meldte overgang fra Elverum Fotball til KFUM Oslo i 2015.

Епархия Лусены

Лусена

Филиппины

28 марта 1950 года

церковь святого Фернандо

Архиепархия Липы

32

2.334 км²

948.093 чел.

834.322 чел.

88,0 %

Епархия Лусены (лат. Dioecesis Lucenensis) — епархия Римско-Католической церкви с центром в городе Лусена, Филиппины. Епархия Лусены входит в митрополию Липы. Кафедральным собором епархии Лусены является церковь святого Фернандо

28 марта 1950 года Римский папа Пий XII выпустил буллу Quo aeternae, которой учредил епархию Лусены, выделив её из епархий Липы.

25 апреля 1977 года епархия Лусены передала часть своей территории для возведения новой епархи и Боака.

9 апреля 1984 года епархия Лусены передала часть своей территории для возведения новой епархи и Гумаки.

Tombstone Valentine

Tombstone Valentine is a studio album released by Wigwam in 1970. While the previous album Hard ’n‘ Horny was more of a jazz influenced album, Tombstone Valentine in one of their more pop-ish albums. The album sounds more like the records of the „Deep Pop“ era (Nuclear Nightclub, Lucky Golden Stripes and Starpose) than the records of the progressive rock era (Hard ’n‘ Horny, Fairyport and Being).

This is the first album with Pekka Pohjola in the band, replacing bassist Mats Huldén. Guitarist Nikke Nikamo also left after Hard ’n‘ Horny, but a permanent replacement for him couldn’t be found, so Jukka Tolonen of Tasavallan Presidentti plays guitar on some of the tracks. Tombstone Valentine represents the sound they forsook for the next two progressive albums, Fairyport and Being.

Unlike the other Wigwam albums, this was produced by „non-Finnish“ producer, the American Kim Fowley. The track „The Dance of the Anthropoids“ is not a Wigwam track, but an experimental electronic piece by Erkki Kurenniemi, recorded in 1968 originally. Kim Fowley thought it was so brilliant that it had to be on the album.

Space Shuttle Atlantis

The Space Shuttle Atlantis (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV‑104) is a Space Shuttle orbiter belonging to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the spaceflight and space exploration agency of the United States. Constructed by the Rockwell International company in Southern California and delivered to the Kennedy Space Center in Eastern Florida in April 1985, Atlantis is the fourth operational and the second-to-last Space Shuttle built. Its maiden flight was STS-51-J from 3 to 7 October 1985.

Atlantis embarked on its 33rd and final mission, also the final mission of a space shuttle, STS-135, on 8 July 2011. STS-134 by Endeavour was expected to be the final flight before STS-135 was authorized in October 2010. STS-135 took advantage of the processing for the STS-335 Launch On Need mission that would have been necessary if STS-134’s crew became stranded in orbit. Atlantis landed for the final time at the Kennedy Space Center on 21 July 2011.

By the end of its final mission, Atlantis had orbited the Earth a total of 4,848 times, traveling nearly 126,000,000 mi (203,000,000 km) or more than 525 times the distance from the Earth to the Moon.

Atlantis is named after RV Atlantis, a two-masted sailing ship that operated as the primary research vessel for the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution from 1930 to 1966.

Space Shuttle Atlantis lifted off on its maiden voyage on 3 October 1985, on mission STS-51-J, the second dedicated Department of Defense flight. It flew one other mission, STS-61-B, the second night launch in the shuttle program, before the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster temporarily grounded the shuttle fleet in 1986. Among the five Space Shuttles flown into space, Atlantis conducted a subsequent mission in the shortest time after the previous mission (turnaround time) when it launched in November 1985 on STS-61-B, only 50 days after its previous mission, STS-51-J in October 1985. Atlantis was then used for ten flights between 1988 and 1992. Two of these, both flown in 1989, deployed the planetary probes Magellan to Venus (on STS-30) and Galileo to Jupiter (on STS-34). With STS-30 Atlantis became the first shuttle to launch an interplanetary probe. During another mission, STS-37 flown in 1991, Atlantis deployed the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory. Beginning in 1995 with STS-71, Atlantis made seven straight flights to the former Russian space station Mir as part of the Shuttle-Mir Program. STS-71 marked a number of firsts in human spaceflight: 100th U.S. manned space flight; first U.S. shuttle-Russian Space Station Mir docking and joint on-orbit operations; and first on-orbit changeout of shuttle crew. When linked, Atlantis and Mir together formed the largest spacecraft in orbit at the time.

Shuttle Atlantis also delivered several vital components for the construction of the International Space Station (ISS). During the February 2001 mission STS-98 to the ISS, Atlantis delivered the Destiny Module, the primary operating facility for U.S. research payloads aboard the ISS. The five hour 25 minute third spacewalk performed by astronauts Robert Curbeam and Thomas Jones during STS-98 marked NASA’s 100th extra vehicular activity in space. The Quest Joint Airlock, was flown and installed to the ISS by Atlantis during the mission STS-104 in July 2001. The successful installation of the airlock gave on-board space station crews the ability to stage repair and maintenance spacewalks outside the ISS using U.S. EMU or Russian Orlan space suits. The first mission flown by Atlantis after the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster was STS-115, conducted during September 2006. The mission carried the P3/P4 truss segments and solar arrays to the ISS. On ISS assembly flight STS-122 in February 2008, Atlantis delivered the Columbus laboratory to the ISS. Columbus laboratory is the largest single contribution to the ISS made by the European Space Agency (ESA).

In May 2009 Atlantis flew a seven-member crew to the Hubble Space Telescope for its Servicing Mission 4, STS-125. The mission was a success, with the crew completing five space walks totaling 37 hours to install new cameras, batteries, a gyroscope and other components to the telescope.

The longest mission flown using Atlantis was STS-117 which lasted almost 14 days in June 2007. During STS-117, Atlantis‘ crew added a new starboard truss segment and solar array pair (the S3/S4 truss), folded the P6 array in preparation for its relocation and performed four spacewalks. Atlantis was not equipped to take advantage of the Station-to-Shuttle Power Transfer System so missions could not be extended by making use of power provided by ISS.

During the STS-129 post-flight interview on 16 November 2009 shuttle launch director Mike Leinbach said that Atlantis officially beat shuttle Discovery on the record low amount of Interim Problem Reports, with a total of just 54 listed since returning from the STS-125. He continued to add „It is due to the team and the hardware processing. They just did a great job. The record will probably never be broken again in the history of the Space Shuttle Program, so congratulations to them“. During the STS-132 post-launch interview on 14 May 2010, shuttle launch director Mike Leinbach said that Atlantis beat its previous record low amount of Interim Problem Reports, with a total of 46 listed between STS-129 and STS-132.

Atlantis went through two overhauls of scheduled Orbiter Maintenance Down Periods (OMDPs) during its operational history.

Atlantis arrived at Palmdale, California in October 1992 for OMDP-1. During that visit 165 modifications were made over the next 20 months. These included the installation of a drag chute, new plumbing lines to configure the orbiter for extended duration, more than 800 new heat tiles and blankets and new insulation for main landing gear and structural modifications to the airframe.

On 5 November 1997, Atlantis again arrived at Palmdale for OMDP-2 which was completed on 24 September 1998. The 130 modifications carried out during OMDP-2 included glass cockpit displays, replacement of TACAN navigation with GPS and ISS airlock and docking installation. Several weight reduction modifications were also performed on the orbiter including replacement of Advanced Flexible Reusable Surface Insulation (AFRSI) insulation blankets on upper surfaces with FRSI. Lightweight crew seats were installed and the Extended Duration Orbiter (EDO) package installed on OMDP-1 was removed to lighten Atlantis to better serve its prime mission of servicing the ISS.

During the stand down period post Columbia accident, Atlantis went through over 75 modifications to the orbiter ranging from very minor bolt change-outs to window change-outs and different fluid systems.

Atlantis was known among the shuttle workforce as being more prone than the others in the fleet to problems that needed to be addressed while readying the vehicle for launch leading to some nicknaming it „Britney“.

NASA initially planned to withdraw Atlantis from service in 2008, as the orbiter would have been due to undergo its third scheduled OMDP. However, because of the timescale of the final retirement of the shuttle fleet, this was deemed uneconomical. It was planned that Atlantis would be kept in near-flight condition to be used as a parts hulk for Discovery and Endeavour. However, with the significant planned flight schedule up to 2010, the decision was taken to extend the time between OMDPs, allowing Atlantis to be retained for operations. Atlantis was subsequently swapped for one flight of each Discovery and Endeavour in the flight manifest. Atlantis had completed what was meant to be its last flight, STS-132, prior to the end of the shuttle program, but the extension of the Shuttle program into 2011 led to Atlantis being selected for STS-135, the final Space Shuttle mission in July 2011.

Atlantis is currently displayed at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex. NASA Administrator Charles Bolden announced the decision at an employee event held on 12 April 2011 to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the first shuttle flight: „First, here at the Kennedy Space Center where every shuttle mission and so many other historic human space flights have originated, we’ll showcase my old friend, Atlantis.“

The Visitor Complex displays Atlantis suspended with its payload bay doors opened such that it appears to be back in orbit around the Earth. A multi-story digital projection of Earth rotates behind the orbiter in a 64,000-square-foot (5,900 m2) indoor facility. Ground breaking of the facility occurred in 2012. The exhibit opened on 29 June 2013.

A total of 156 individuals flew with Space Shuttle Atlantis over the course of its 33 missions. Because the shuttle sometimes flew crew members arriving and departing Mir and the ISS, not all of them launched and landed on Atlantis.

Astronaut Clayton Anderson, ESA astronaut Leopold Eyharts and Russian cosmonauts Nikolai Budarin and Anatoly Solovyev only launched on Atlantis. Similarly, astronauts Daniel Tani and Sunita Williams, as well as cosmonauts Vladimir Dezhurov and Gennady Strekalov only landed with Atlantis. Only 146 men and women both launched and landed aboard Atlantis.[citation needed]

Some of those people flew with Atlantis more than once. Taking them into account, 203 total seats were filled over Atlantis 32 missions. Astronaut Jerry Ross holds the record for the most flights aboard Atlantis at five.

Astronaut Rodolfo Neri Vela who flew aboard Atlantis on STS-61-B mission in 1985 became the first and so far only Mexican to have traveled to space. ESA astronaut Dirk Frimout who flew on STS-45 as a payload specialist was the first Belgian in space. STS-46 mission specialist Claude Nicollier was the first astronaut from Switzerland. On the same flight, astronaut Franco Malerba became the first citizen of Italy to travel to space.

Astronaut Michael Massimino who flew on STS-125 mission became the first person to use Twitter in space in May 2009.

Having flown aboard Atlantis as part of the STS-132 crew in May 2010 and Discovery as part of the STS-133 crew in February/March 2011, Stephen Bowen became the first NASA astronaut to be launched on consecutive missions.

NASA announced in 2007 that 24 helium and nitrogen gas tanks in Atlantis were older than their designed lifetime. These composite overwrapped pressure vessels (COPV) were designed for a 10-year life and later cleared for an additional 10 years; they exceeded this life in 2005. NASA said it could not guarantee any longer that the vessels on Atlantis would not burst or explode under full pressure. Failure of these tanks could have damaged parts of the orbiter and even wound or kill ground personnel. An in-flight failure of a pressure vessel could have even resulted in the loss of the orbiter and its crew. NASA analyses originally assumed that the vessels would leak before they burst, but new tests showed that they could in fact burst before leaking.

Because the original vendor was no longer in business, and a new manufacturer could not be qualified before 2010, when the shuttles were scheduled to be retired, NASA decided to continue operations with the existing tanks. Therefore, to reduce the risk of failure and the cumulative effects of load, the vessels were maintained at 80 percent of the operating pressure as late in the launch countdown as possible, and the launch pad was cleared of all but essential personnel when pressure was increased to 100 percent. The new launch procedure was employed during some the remaining launches of Atlantis, but was resolved when the two COPVs deemed to have the highest risk of failure were replaced.

After the STS-125 mission, a work light knob was discovered jammed in the space between one of Atlantiss front interior windows and the Orbiter dashboard structure. The knob was believed to have entered the space during flight, when the pressurized Orbiter was expanded to its maximum size. Then, once back on Earth, the Orbiter contracted, jamming the knob in place. Leaving „as-is“ was considered unsafe for flight, and some options for removal (including window replacement) would have included a 6-month delay of Atlantiss next mission (planned to be STS-129). Had the removal of the knob been unsuccessful, the worst-case scenario was that Atlantis could have been retired from the fleet, leaving Discovery and Endeavour to complete the manifest alone. On 29 June 2009, Atlantis was pressurized to 17 psi (120 kPa) (3 psi above ambient), which forced the Orbiter to expand slightly. The knob was then frozen with dry ice, and successfully removed. Small areas of damage to the window were discovered where the edges of the knob had been embedded into the pane. Subsequent investigation of the window damage discovered a maximum defect depth of approximately 0.0003 in (7.6 µm), less than the reportable depth threshold of 0.0015 in (38 µm) and not serious enough to warrant the pane’s replacement.

Atlantis was the shuttle shown in the 1986 film SpaceCamp, starring Kate Capshaw, Lea Thompson, Tom Skerritt and Joaquin Phoenix. The premise of the film was a crew of students at United States Space Camp that are accidentally launched into space on-board Atlantis. Atlantis was also featured in the 1998 film Deep Impact as the spacecraft used to shuttle the crew to the fictional Messiah spacecraft. It is also featured in Armageddon, a film with a similar plot, in which the shuttle is destroyed in a rogue meteor shower. She is involved as well in The Dig, a 1995 science fiction adventure game.

Archbishop of Westminster

The Archbishop of Westminster heads the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Westminster, in England. The incumbent is the Metropolitan of the Province of Westminster, Chief Metropolitan of England and Wales and, as a matter of custom, is elected President of the Catholic Bishops‘ Conference of England and Wales, and therefore de facto spokesman of the Catholic Church in England and Wales. All previous Archbishops of Westminster have become Cardinals. Although all the bishops of the restored diocesan episcopacy took new titles, like that of Westminster, they saw themselves in continuity with the pre-Reformation Church and post-Reformation Vicars Apostolic and Titular Bishops. Westminster, in particular, saw itself as the continuity of Canterbury, hence the similarity of the coat of arms of the two Sees, with Westminster believing it has more right to it since it features the pallium, a distinctly Catholic symbol of communion with the Holy See.

With the gradual abolition of the legal restrictions on the activities of Catholics in England and Wales in the early 19th century, Rome on its own („not by Concordat with the British government nor conversations with the Anglican Church“) decided to fill the partial vacuum, which Queen Elizabeth I had created, by restoring Catholic dioceses on a regular historical pattern and replacing existing titular bishops or Vicars Apostolic with diocesan ones. Thus Pope Pius IX issued the Bull Universalis Ecclesiae of 29 September 1850 by which thirteen new dioceses were created. Although these dioceses could not formally claim pre-Elizabethan territorial dioceses (owing to the Ecclesiastical Titles Act), they did claim validity and continuity with the pre-Elizabethan Church. Historian and descendant of recusants, Paul Johnson, claims that as early as 1718, only 30 years after the Glorious Revolution, Catholics could take heart when Parliament repealed the Schism Act, the Occasional Conformity Act and the Act for Quieting and Establishing Corporations, which allowed Dissenters to hold certain offices. Although these repeals at the time only benefited Dissenters, their rescission and abolition suggested reform was in the air and on Parliament’s mind. Then in 1727, in the wake of the repeal of the annual Indemnity Acts, which relieved Dissenters of most of their civil disabilities (making it no longer possible, for example, to enforce by law the attendance of anyone at church on Sunday), Catholics, especially non-aristocratic Catholics, could slowly start to creep out into the open again, long before the Catholic Emancipation of 1832. As a result of the 1727 Act, Christianity in England (Anglican, Dissenter, Catholic, etc.) also ceased to be a „compulsory society“. Still, Catholics had to wait another 95 years before being given full civil and religious rights. Nevertheless, the gains of the Dissenters a century earlier were a significant step towards eliminating Catholic disabilities later.

The Ecclesiastical Titles Act had already been proposed by the British Parliament and was passed in 1851 as an anti-Catholic measure precisely to prevent any newly created Catholic dioceses from taking existing Anglican diocesan names, forbidding the wearing of (Anglican) clerical dress or setting bells in Catholic places of worship. It was repealed by Gladstone in 1871.

One of these newly restored dioceses was the Archdiocese of Westminster, the sole Metropolitan See at that time. However, under Pope Pius X, on 28 October 1911, two new Provinces of Liverpool and Birmingham were created, and Westminster retained as suffragan dioceses only Northampton, Nottingham, Portsmouth and Southwark. These increased when under Pope Benedict XV a Bull of 20 July 1917, fixed the seat of a new diocese corresponding to the County of Essex, detached now from Westminster, at Brentwood, making it a suffragan of Westminster.

During the pontificate of Pope Paul VI, on 28 May 1965, a new Province of Southwark was erected, with as its suffragans Portsmouth, detached from Westminster, Plymouth, detached from Birmingham, and a new diocese of Arundel and Brighton erected in the Counties of Sussex and Surrey with territory taken from the diocese of Southwark. Westminster retained as suffragan dioceses only Northampton, Nottingham and Brentwood. Subsequently these were joined by a new diocese of East Anglia, elected with territory from the Northampton diocese in the Counties of Cambridge, Norfolk and Suffolk by Paul VI on 13 March 1976.

The previous Catholic jurisdiction of the London area was headed by the Vicar Apostolic of the London District or Titular Bishop, appointed by the pope.

The archdiocese presently covers an area of 3,634 km² (1,403 sq miles) of the London Boroughs north of the River Thames excluding Barking & Dagenham, Havering, Newham, Redbridge and Waltham Forest together with the districts of Staines-upon-Thames and Sunbury-on-Thames and the County of Hertfordshire. The see is in the City of Westminster, the Archbishop’s cathedra or seat is located at the Metropolitan Cathedral Church of the „Most Precious Holy Blood, Saint Mary, Saint Joseph and Saint Peter“, usually referred to as Westminster Cathedral, which is set back from Victoria Street.

The Archbishop’s residence is Archbishop’s House, Ambrosden Avenue, London.

Cardinal Vincent Nichols was installed as the 11th Archbishop on 21 May 2009. He was elevated to cardinal on 22 February 2014.

Among the old European Catholic Sees, the Archbishop of Westminster is referred to as the only valid Primate of England and Wales. However, in the United Kingdom, this is not legally correct, since the title is formally claimed only by the archbishops of the established Church of England, and is applied to the Archbishop of York as „Primate of England“, and the Archbishop of Canterbury, as „Primate of All England“. In global Catholicism, however, the last time there was an elected Catholic Primate of England in the UK, accepted by the state, was prior to the Elizabethan phase of the Reformation. However, the Papal Bull Si qua est of 1911 which separated the provinces of Birmingham and Liverpool from Westminster included the provision:

Which translates into:

Ammonia transporter

Ammonia transporters () are structurally related membrane transport proteins called Amt proteins (ammonia transporters) in bacteria and plants, methylammonium/ammonium permeases (MEPs) in yeast, or Rhesus (Rh) proteins in chordates. In humans, the RhAG, RhBG, and RhCG Rhesus proteins constitute solute carrier family 42 whilst RhD and RhCE form the Rh blood group system. The three-dimensional structure of the ammonia transport protein AmtB from Escherichia coli has been determined by x-ray crystallography revealing a hydrophobic ammonia channel. The human RhCG ammonia transporter was found to have a similar ammonia-conducting channel structure. It was proposed[citation needed] that the erythrocyte Rh complex is a heterotrimer of RhAG, RhD, and RhCE subunits in which RhD and RhCE might play roles in anchoring the ammonia-conducting RhAG subunit to the cytoskeleton. Based on reconstitution experiments, purified RhCG subunits alone can function to transport ammonia. RhCG is required for normal acid excretion by the mouse kidney and epididymis.

The structure of the ammonia channel from E. coli, was, at the time of its publication, the highest resolution structure of any integral membrane protein. It shows a trimer of subunits, each made up of 11 transmembrane segments (TMSs) and containing a pseudo two-fold symmetry. Each monomer contains a hydrophobic ammonia conducting channel.

While prokaryotic ammonia channel proteins have an N-terminal region which acts as a signal sequence and is cleaved in the mature protein, the Rhesus glycoproteins retain this as a 12th transmembrane helix in the mature protein.

Most functionally characterized members of the family are ammonium uptake transporters. Some, but not other Amt proteins also transport methylammonium. Detailed phylogenetic analyses of plant homologues have been published. In E. coli, NH4+, rather than NH3, may be the substrate of AmtB, but controversy still exists. If NH4+ is transported, K+ possibly serves as a counter ion in an antiport process with K+, and that one histidine removes a proton off of NH4+ to yield NH3.

The generalized transport reaction catalyzed by members of the Amt family are suggested to be:

The X-ray structures have revealed that the pore of the Amt and Rh proteins is characterized by a hydrophobic portion about 12 Å long, in which electronic density was observed in the crystallographic study of AmtB from Escherichia coli. This electronic density was initially only observed when crystals were grown in the presence of ammonium, and was thus attributed to ammonia molecules. The Amt/Rh protein mechanism might involve the single-file diffusion of NH3 molecules. However, the pore could also be filled with water molecules. The possible presence of water molecules in the pore lumen calls for a reassessment of the notion that Amt/Rh proteins work as plain NH3 channels. Indeed, functional experiments on plant ammonium transporters and Rh proteins suggest a variety of permeation mechanisms including the passive diffusion of NH3, the antiport of NH4+/H+, the transport of NH4+, or the cotransport of NH3/H+. Lamoureux et al. discuss these mechanisms in light of functional and simulation studies on the AmtB transporter.

In E. coli the AmtB gene is expressed only under limiting nitrogen levels to yield the AmtB protein. It is co-expressed with the GlnK gene which encodes a PII protein. This protein is also trimeric and remains in the cytoplasm. It is covalently modified by a U/U deuridylylated group at Y51. The hydrolyzed product, adenosine 5′-diphosphate, orients the surface of GlnK for AmtB blockade. When nitrogen levels outside the cell rise, the ammonia channel must be deactivated to prevent excessive ammonia entering the cell (where ammonia would be combined with glutamate to make glutamine, utilizing ATP and thereby depleting the cell’s ATP reserves). This deactivation is achieved by deuridylylation of the GlnK protein which then binds to the cytoplasmic face of AmtB and inserts a loop into the ammonia conducting pore. At the tip of this loop is an arginine residue which sterically blocks the channel.

RHAG, RHBG, RHCE, RHCG RHD

As of , this article uses content from , which is licensed in a way that permits reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, but not under the GFDL. All relevant terms must be followed.

Boris Šprem

Boris Šprem (pronounced [boris ʃprem]; 14 April 1956 – 30 September 2012) was a Croatian politician who was Speaker of the Croatian Parliament from 2011 to 2012.

Šprem was born in Koprivnica, FPR Yugoslavia on 14 April 1956. He studied law at the University of Zagreb.

Šprem served as Chief of Staff of the Office of the President of the Republic from 2005 to 2007, during the second term of Stjepan Mesić, and he was the Speaker of the Croatian Parliament from 2011 to 2012. Šprem also served as the president of the city council of Zagreb and was a member of parliament of Social Democratic Party (SDP). His term as Speaker began on 22 December 2011 after SDP won the 2011 general election.

Šprem was first diagnosed with cancer in 2010. In June 2012, Šprem underwent surgery at the Zagreb Clinical Centre due to the recurrence of multiple myeloma lesions. He went to Houston for further treatment on 23 August 2012.

He died on 30 September 2012 at MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas, USA, where he had been undergoing treatment for multiple myeloma. He is the first Speaker of the Croatian Parliament to die in office. He was succeeded in an acting capacity by his deputy Josip Leko, who had been acting Speaker since Šprem left for the USA in 2012. Leko was later also elected as the 9th Speaker of Parliament, on 10 October 2012.

Šprem’s remains arrived in Zagreb on a regular flight from Frankfurt, Germany, on 3 October. On 4 October the mourning began with a ceremonial session of the Parliament, with Šprem’s family, as well as former Prime Ministers, Ministers, Parliament members and key religious figures attending. Prime Minister Zoran Milanović and Šprem’s mother, son and wife then went to Mirogoj Cemetery, as part of a procession, where the last respects were paid. A gun salute was then given by members of the Croatian Armed Forces.

Although he was an atheist during the most of his life, during his sickness he turned into religious Catholic. He requested last rite and to be buried with Catholic rite. Boris Šprem was posthumously honoured with the Grand Order of Queen Jelena with Sash and Morning Star medal (Velered kraljice Jelene s lentom i danicom) by the President of the Republic of Croatia Ivo Josipović.

A day of national mourning was declared following the death of Šprem in Croatia. On 1 October 2012, European Parliament President Martin Schulz issued a statement on Šprem’s death, sending his condolences to his family, friends and the Croatian nation.

Breviceps acutirostris

Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) selon les recommandations du projet Herpétologie.

Nom binominal

Breviceps acutirostris
Poynton, 1963

Statut de conservation UICN

( LC )
LC  : Préoccupation mineure

Breviceps acutirostris est une espèce d’amphibiens de la famille des Brevicipitidae.

Cette espèce est endémique du Sud-Ouest du Cap-Occidental en Afrique du Sud. Elle se rencontre jusqu’à 1 600 m d’altitude des Hottentots-Holland aux Langeberg.

Breviceps acutirostris a un corps trapu et des membres courts.

Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :